# CBSE Class 10 Math Question Paper 2016 | Q15

###### CBSE Maths Board Paper Solution | 3 Mark | Arithmetic Progression Class 10 Maths Questions

The given question is a hard 3-mark question from the chapter Arithmetic Progressions. Applying concepts related to sum of the first 'n' terms of an AP and using that to find the ratio of the nth term of two sequences in Arithmetic Progression. It is an important question and appeared in Section C of the 2016 CBSE class 10 board paper.

Question 15: If the ratio of the sum of first n terms of two A.P's is (7n + 1) : (4n + 27), find the ratio of their mth terms

## NCERT Solution to Class 10 Maths

### Explanatory Answer | CBSE 2016 Maths Paper Q15

Let the first term of the first AP be a1 and let its common difference be d1
Let the first term of the second AP be b1 and let its common difference be d2

Sum of 1st n term of first AP = $$frac{n}{2}$$2a1 + (n-1) d1)
Sum of 1st n term of second AP = $$frac{n}{2}$$2b1 + (n-1) d2)

The ratio of the sums of first n terms of the 2 APs is (7n + 1) : (4n + 27)
So, $$frac{\frac{n}{2}$2a_1+(n-1$ d_1))}{$frac{n}{2}$2b_1+(n-1) d_2)})= $$frac{7n+1}{4n+27}$ Or $\frac{2a_1+$n-1$ d_1}{2b_1+(n-1) d_2}) = $$frac{7n+1}{4n+27}$ -----$1)

The mth term of the first AP am = a1 + (m-1) d1
The mth term of the second AP bm = b1 + (m-1) d2

Ratio of the mth terms of the 2 APs, $$frac{a_m}{b_m}$ = $\frac{a_1+$m-1$ d_1}{b_1+(m-1) d_2})

Multiply the numerator and denominator of the fraction by 2
$$frac{a_m}{b_m}$ = $\frac{2a_1+2$m-1$ d_1}{2b_1+2(m-1) d_2}) ---- (2)

Compare LHS of (1) and (2)
2(m - 1) = n - 1
2m - 2 = n - 1
Or n = 2m - 1

Substitute the value of n as (2m - 1) in equation (1)
$$frac{2a_1+$2m-1-1$ d_1}{2b_1+(2m-1-1) d_2}) = $$frac{7$2m-1$+1}{4(2m-1)+27})

$$frac{a_m}{b_m}$ = $\frac{2a_1+2$m-1$ d_1}{2b_1+2(m-1) d_2})= $\frac{14m - 7 + 1}{8m - 4 + 27}$ = $\frac{14m - 6}{8m + 23}$

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