CBSE Class 10 Maths 2019 Sample Question Paper

Class 10 Sample Paper Solution | One Mark Questions | Section A

Section A contains 6 questions of 1 mark each. Scroll down for explanatory answer and video solution for all six one mark questions. Questions appeared from Quadratic Equations, Real Numbers, Coordinate Geometry, Arithmetic Progressions, Trigonometry, and Triangles.

  1. Find the value of a, for which point P(\\frac{a}{3}) , 2) is the mid-point of the line segment joining the points Q(-5,4) and R(-1,0).

    Hint to solve this Coordinate Geometry question

    Substitute the coordinate of the points Q and R in the midpoint formula and solve it to find the value for a.


  2. Find the value of k, for which one root of the quadratic equation kx2 - 14x + 8 = 0 is 2.

    Hint to solve this Quadratic equations question

    One of the roots of the equation is 2. So, substituting x = 2 will satisfy the equation. By substituting the value of x as 2, we can find the value of k.

    OR

    Find the value(s) of k for which the equation x2 + 5kx + 16 = 0 has real and equal roots.

    Hint to solve this Quadratic equations question

    Roots of the quadratic equation are real and equal.

    If the roots are real and equal, the discriminant (D) of the equation is 0.

    Express discriminant b2 - 4ac in terms of k and equate it to zero to compute the value of k.


  3. Write the value of cot2θ − \\frac{1}{sin^2θ})

    Hint to solve this Trignometric Identities Question

    Step 1:Express cot θ in terms of cos θ and sin θ
    Step 2: The denominator of both the terms of the expression will become sin2 θ
    Step 3>: Simplify the numerator and cancel like terms in the numerator and denominator to find the value of the expression.

    OR

    If sin θ = cos θ, then find the value of 2 tanθ + cos2 θ

    Hint to solve this Trignometric Ratios Question

    Step 1: Compute value of θ for which sin θ = cos θ
    Step 2: Substitute value of θ computed in step 1 into the given expression to find the value of the expression.


  4. If nth term of an A.P. is (2n + 1), what is the sum of its first three terms?

    Hint to solve this CBSE 2019 sample paper 1 mark Arithmetic Progressions problem

    Approach: Compute the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd term by susbtituting n = 1, n = 2, and n = 3 in the expression (2n + 1). Subsequently, find the sum of the 3 terms.


  5. In figure if AD = 6cm, DB = 9cm, AE = 8cm and EC = 12cm and ∠ADE = 48°. Find ∠ABC.

    2019 SQP CBSE Class 10 Q5 Triangle

    Hint to solve this CBSE 2019 sample paper 1 mark Triangles question

    Concept: Check whether Basic Proportionality theorem applies in this case.
    Step 1: Compute ratio between AD and DB and between AE and EC
    Step 2: If the ratios are same, by converse of Basic Proportionality Theorem, DE will be parallel to BC.
    Step 3: If DE is parallel to BC, corresponding angles will be equal and the answer can be computed.


  6. After how many decimal places will the decimal expansion of \\frac{23}{2^4 × 5^3}) terminate?

    Hint to solve this CBSE 2019 sample paper 1 mark Real Numbers question

    Step 1: Rewrite the fraction such that the powers of 2s and 5s in the denominator is the same. This ensures that we get the denominator as a power of 10
    Step 2: The power of 10 in the denominator is the number of decimal places in the decimal expansion of the fraction.


Video Solution and Explanatory Answers to CBSE 2019 Sample Paper - 1 mark questions 1 to 6

Question 1: Find the value of a, for which point P(\\frac{a}{3}) , 2) is the mid-point of the line segment joining the points Q(-5,4) and R(-1,0).

Q1 Video Explanation

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Explanatory Answer | Q1 2019 Sample Question Paper

Midpoint of 2 points (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) = \\frac{x_1 + x_2}{2}), \\frac{y_1 + y_2}{2})
The points given here are Q(-5, 4) and R(-1, 0) and the midpoint is P(\\frac{a}{3}), 2)
∴\\frac{-5 + (-1)}{2}) = \\frac{a}{3}) and \\frac{4 + 0}{2}) = 2
\\frac{-6}{2}) = \\frac{a}{3})
a = -9


Question 2: Find the value of k, for which one root of the quadratic equation kx2 - 14x + 8 = 0 is 2.

Q2 Internal Choice 1 Video Explanation

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Explanatory Answer | Q2 Internal Choice 1

If 2 is one of the roots of the quadratic equation kx2 - 14x + 8 = 0, then it will satisfy the equation
Substitute x = 2 in the above equation.
∴ k(2)2 – 14(2) + 8 = 0
4k – 28 + 8 = 0
4k = 20
k = 5

OR

Question 2 Internal Choice 2: Find the value(s) of k for which the equation x2 + 5kx + 16 = 0 has real and equal roots.

Q2 Internal Choice 2 Video Explanation

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Explanatory Answer | Q2 Internal Choice 2

If a quadratic equation has real and equal roots, then the discriminant (D) of the equation is 0.
Discriminant of a quadratic equation ax2 + bx + c = 0 is b2 – 4ac
In the given equation, a = 1, b = 5k, and c = 16
b2 – 4ac = 0
(5k)2 – 4(1)(16) = 0
25k2 – 64 = 0
k2 = \\frac{64}{25})
k = ± \\frac{8}{5})


Question 3 Internal Choice 1: Write the value of cot2θ − \\frac{1}{sin^2θ})

Q3 Internal Choice 1 Video Explanation

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Explanatory Answer | Q3 Internal Choice 1

cot2 θ − \\frac{1 }{sin^2 θ})
= \\frac{cos^2 θ}{sin^2 θ}) − \\frac{1}{sin^2 θ}) [Because cot θ = \\frac{cos θ}{sin θ})]
= \\frac{cos^2 θ − 1}{sin^2 θ})
= \\frac{− sin^2 θ}{sin^2 θ}) [Because sin2 θ + cos2 θ = 1 => sin2 θ = 1 - cos2 θ]
= -1

OR

Question 3 Internal Choice 2: If sin θ = cos θ, then find the value of 2tan θ + cos2 θ

Q3 Internal Choice 2 | Video Explanation

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Explanatory Answer | Q3 Internal Choice 1

For what values of θ will sin θ = cos θ?
sin θ = cos θ only when θ = 45°

Substitute θ = 45° in given expression
2tan θ + cos2 θ = 2tan 45° + cos2 45°
= 2tan (1) + cos2 (\\frac{1}{√2}))
= 2 + (\\frac{1}{2}))
= \\frac{5}{2})


Question 4: If nth term of an A.P. is (2n + 1), what is the sum of its first three terms?

Q4 Video Explanation

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Explanatory Answer | Q4 2019 Sample Question Paper

nth term of the given A.P. is (2n + 1)
Substitute n = 1 to find the first term of the A.P. a1 = 2(1) + 1 = 3
Substitute n = 2 to find the second term of the A.P. a2 = 2(2) + 1 = 5
Substitute n = 3 to find the third term of the A.P. a3 = 2(3) + 1 = 7
Sum of the first three terms = 3 + 5 + 7 = 15


Question 5: In figure if AD = 6 cm, DB = 9 cm, AE = 8 cm and EC = 12 cm and ∠ADE = 48°. Find ∠ABC.

2019 SQP CBSE Class 10 Q5 Triangle

Q5 Video Explanation

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Explanatory Answer | Q5 2019 Sample Question Paper

2019 SQP CBSE Class 10 Q5 Triangle
Basic Proportionality Theorem: If a line is drawn parallel to one side of a triangle to intersect the other two sides in distinct points, the other two sides are divided in the same ratio.
AD = 6 cm, DB = 9 cm, AE = 8 cm and EC = 12 cm
\\frac{AD}{DB}) = \\frac{6}{9}) = \\frac{2}{3}); \\frac{AE}{EC}) = \\frac{8}{12}) = \\frac{2}{3})
\\frac{AD}{DB}) = \\frac{AE}{EC}) ∴ DE is parallel to BC
If DE is parallel to BC, corresponding angles will be equal.
∴ ∠ADE = ∠ABC = 48°


Question 6: After how many decimal places will the decimal expansion of \\frac{23}{2^4 × 5^3}) terminate?

Q6 Video Explanation

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Explanatory Answer | Q6 2019 Sample Question Paper

Any real number which has a decimal expansion that terminates can be expressed as a rational number whose denominator is a power of 10 i.e., power of 2 and 5.
Express the fraction in an equivalent form such that the powers of 2 and 5 of the denominator are equal. Ensures that the denominator is a power of 10.
\\frac{23}{2^4 × 5^3}) = \\frac{23}{2^4 × 5^3}) × \\frac{5}{5}) = \\frac{23 × 5}{2^4 × 5^4}) = \\frac{115}{10^4}) = 0.0115
The answer is 4 places.


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