This 2019 CBSE class 10 Maths 4 mark question is from Triangles. A standard NCERT text book question. Proving the Pythagoras Theorem.

Question 25: Prove that in a right angled triangle square of the hypotenuse is equal to sum of the squares of other two sides.

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Draw a right triangle ABC right angled at B.

We need to prove that AC^{2} = AB^{2} + BC^{2}

Let us draw BD ⊥ AC

Theorem: If a perpendicular is drawn from the vertex of the right angle of a right triangle to the hypotenuse then triangles on both sides of the perpendicular are similar to the whole triangle and to each other.

ΔADB ~ ΔABC

So, \\frac{AD}{AB}) = \\frac{AB}{AC}) (Sides are proportional)

AD × AC = AB^{2} **------ 1**

Also ΔBDC ∼ ΔABC (Theorem)

So, \\frac{CD}{BC}) = \\frac{BC}{AC}) (Sides are proportional)

CD × AC = BC^{2} **------ 2**

Adding **1 and 2**

AD × AC + CD × AC = AB^{2} + BC^{2}

AC(AD + CD) = AB^{2} + BC^{2}

AC × AC = AB^{2} + BC^{2}

**AC ^{2} = AB^{2} + BC^{2}**

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CBSE Class 10 Maths - 2021

- Real Numbers Revision Class
- Polynomials Revision Videos
- Linear Equations Revision Class
- Quadratic Equations Revision Class
- Arithmetic Progressions Revision Video
- Triangles Revision
- Coordinate Geometry Revision
- Trigonometry Revision Class
- Appl of Trigonometry
- Circles Revision Class
- Areas Related to Circles Revision Videos

1. Section A | 2018 CBSE Class 10 Maths 1 Mark **Questions 1 to 2** ▶

2. Section A | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 1 Mark **Question 3 to 4** ▶

3. Section A | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 1 Mark **Question 5 to 6** ▶

4. Section B | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 2 Mark **Question 7** | Real Numbers ▶

5. Section B | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 2 Mark **Question 8** | Arithmetic Progressions ▶

6. Section B | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 2 Mark **Question 9** | Coordinate Geometry ▶

7. Section B | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 2 Mark **Question 10** | Probability ▶

8. Section B | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 3 Mark **Question 11** | Probability ▶

9. Section B | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 3 Mark **Question 12** | Linear Equations ▶

10. Section C | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 3 Mark **Question 13** | Real Numbers & HCF ▶

11. Section C | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 3 Mark **Question 14** | Polynomials ▶

12. Section C | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 3 Mark **Question 15** | Linear Equations ▶

13. Section C | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 3 Mark **Question 16** | Coordinate Geometry ▶

14. Section C | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 3 Mark **Question 17** | Trigonometric Ratios ▶

15. Section C | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 3 Mark **Question 18** | Circles ▶

16. Section C | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 3 Mark **Question 19** | Triangles ▶

17. Section C | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 3 Mark **Question 20** | Areas Related to Circles ▶

18. Section C | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 3 Mark **Question 21** | Statistics - Median ▶

19. Section C | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 3 Mark **Question 22** | Statistics ▶

20. Section D | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 4 Mark **Question 23** | Quadratic Equations ▶

21. Section D | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 4 Mark **Question 24** | Arithmetic Progressions ▶

22. Section D | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 4 Mark **Question 25** | Triangles ▶

23. Section D | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 4 Mark **Question 27** | Trigonometry ▶

24. Section D | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 4 Mark **Question 28** | Statistics ▶

25. Section D | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 4 Mark **Question 29** | Surface Areas ▶

26. Section D | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 4 Mark **Question 30** | Trigonometry ▶

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