This 2019 CBSE class 10 Maths 3 mark question is from Circles - Chords and Tangents. The core concept tested in this question is similarity of triangles.

Question 18: The radii of two concentric circles are 13 cm and 8 cm. AB is a diameter of the bigger circle and BD is a tangent to the smaller circle touching it at D and intersecting the larger circle at P on producing. Find the length of AP.

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OD is the radius of the smaller circle = 8 cm.

OB is the radius of the larger circle = 13 cm.

AB is the diameter of the bigger circle = 26 cm.

1. Angle in a semicircle is 90°. ∠APB = 90°

2. Tangent is perpendicular to the radius. OD ⊥ BP. ∠ODB = 90°

In ΔABP and ΔOBD, ∠B is common; ΔBDO and ΔBPA are equal.

Two angles of one triangle are respectively equal to two angles of another triangle. The two triangles are similar. ΔABP ~ ΔOBD

\\frac{\text{AB}}{\text{OB}}) = \\frac{\text{AP}}{\text{OD}})

\\frac{26}{13}) = \\frac{\text{AP}}{8})

AP = 26 × \\frac{8}{13}) = **16 cm**

Class 10 Maths

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CBSE Class 10 Maths - 2021

- Real Numbers Revision Class
- Polynomials Revision Videos
- Linear Equations Revision Class
- Quadratic Equations Revision Class
- Arithmetic Progressions Revision Video
- Triangles Revision
- Coordinate Geometry Revision
- Trigonometry Revision Class
- Appl of Trigonometry
- Circles Revision Class
- Areas Related to Circles Revision Videos

1. Section A | 2018 CBSE Class 10 Maths 1 Mark **Questions 1 to 2** ▶

2. Section A | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 1 Mark **Question 3 to 4** ▶

3. Section A | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 1 Mark **Question 5 to 6** ▶

4. Section B | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 2 Mark **Question 7** | Real Numbers ▶

5. Section B | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 2 Mark **Question 8** | Arithmetic Progressions ▶

6. Section B | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 2 Mark **Question 9** | Coordinate Geometry ▶

7. Section B | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 2 Mark **Question 10** | Probability ▶

8. Section B | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 3 Mark **Question 11** | Probability ▶

9. Section B | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 3 Mark **Question 12** | Linear Equations ▶

10. Section C | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 3 Mark **Question 13** | Real Numbers & HCF ▶

11. Section C | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 3 Mark **Question 14** | Polynomials ▶

12. Section C | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 3 Mark **Question 15** | Linear Equations ▶

13. Section C | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 3 Mark **Question 16** | Coordinate Geometry ▶

14. Section C | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 3 Mark **Question 17** | Trigonometric Ratios ▶

15. Section C | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 3 Mark **Question 18** | Circles ▶

16. Section C | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 3 Mark **Question 19** | Triangles ▶

17. Section C | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 3 Mark **Question 20** | Areas Related to Circles ▶

18. Section C | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 3 Mark **Question 21** | Statistics - Median ▶

19. Section C | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 3 Mark **Question 22** | Statistics ▶

20. Section D | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 4 Mark **Question 23** | Quadratic Equations ▶

21. Section D | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 4 Mark **Question 24** | Arithmetic Progressions ▶

22. Section D | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 4 Mark **Question 25** | Triangles ▶

23. Section D | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 4 Mark **Question 27** | Trigonometry ▶

24. Section D | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 4 Mark **Question 28** | Statistics ▶

25. Section D | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 4 Mark **Question 29** | Surface Areas ▶

26. Section D | 2019 CBSE Class 10 Maths 4 Mark **Question 30** | Trigonometry ▶

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